Whether you’re a singles or doubles player, the return of serve is one of the most important shots in tennis.
Below, we’re going to cover some basic technique tips for the return of serve, where to aim your returns from the deuce and ad courts, including my 9 favorite strategies for doubles, and common mistakes to avoid.
By the end of this lesson, you’ll feel more confident about improving your return of serve, and understand how to win more return games in doubles.
What You’ll Learn
My 9 Favorite Return of Serve Strategies [Video]
Footwork on the Return of Serve
The Backswing, Contact, & Follow Through
Common Mistakes While Returning
How to Return from the Deuce Court in Doubles
How to Return on the Ad Court in Doubles
These 9 return of serve strategies for doubles will help you break serve more often. Watch the video below to learn how to strategically outsmart and frustrate your opponents so they struggle to hold serve.
Footwork is the single most important part of the return. If you get this wrong, then you will never be able to make returns consistently.
Almost every time I miss a return, it’s because I don’t move my feet. I stay flat-footed like I have bricks for feet. This happens especially during tight matches so you must focus on your feet.
Against most servers, I like to start a few feet behind the baseline. As they get into their service motion and toss the ball up, start taking some steps forward to get some forward momentum.
Some people like to stand inside the baseline, this is a great way to take time away from the opponent. It is especially effective in doubles, because it doesn’t let the net player poach as easily.
A lot of singles players, especially today, stand way behind the baseline to buy themselves time. You’ve probably seen Nadal do this. However, in doubles, it’s probably not a great idea since it gives the opposing net player so much time to read your return.
Next, I’ll make my split step to read the serve. As I land, I know if I want to move left for a backhand, or to my right for a forehand.
This will also make sure your feet are moving when you hit.
Once the serve is coming you’ll want to take a few small, quick shuffle steps to position yourself for the shot, then split step.
Make sure you’re body’s momentum is still moving forward and leaning in the direction you want the ball to go. Without this, it will make your actual shot motion longer and more difficult.
On the forehand or backhand side, there are two keys to the backswing.
Andre Agassi had one of the best returns ever.
See how short his backswing is in slow motion here.
A long backswing leaves more room for error and makes it difficult to catch up to a faster serve.
Since your momentum is moving forward already, you won’t need a big swing to get power behind it. Just lean into the shot and use the server’s power to generate pace.
It should feel like you’re almost punching the return back since it’s not a full swing.
The trajectory of the serve is also an important variable to consider.
If the person has a kick serve that comes up high, you’ll want to stay a little more upright and swing high through the ball.
If the serve is weaker or lower, like a slice, then you’ll need to get low and almost lunge on the return.
On contact, make sure you’re hitting the ball in slightly in front. The best way to figure out if you’re doing this correctly is to have someone film your returns.
You don’t need to finish with your racquet over your shoulder like many tennis coaches teach.
When you follow through, keep it short. Follow through towards your target as long as you can, then begin to recover for the next shot.
Focus on keeping your momentum in the direction you want the ball to go. I like to hit it at the middle net strap since it’s the lowest part of the net and it keeps the shot crosscourt.
If you make good contact, you can use that momentum to get into the net for your next shot.
Here are the most common mistakes I notice when watching club level players on the tennis court.
Missing returns in the net is the worst! You’re giving away free points. Even in doubles, you should at least try to make the opposing net player hit a volley.
If you’re missing in the net a lot, then you’re probably dropping your front shoulder. This is especially common on the backhand side.
This happens often when the serve is low and you’re being lazy. So instead of getting down for the serve you just dip your shoulder and try to guide it up with your hands, and of course, miss.
Just focus on getting your front shoulder up, and your hips down. You’ll start hitting them back over the net.
If you’re returns are too high over the net, the opposing team will have an easy time poaching.
There could be a number of reasons for this.
Just remember to make adjustments. If you notice yourself missing high or long every time, change something. Force yourself to miss a few in the net, then find that middle ground.
Regardless of what else happens on your return games, if you’re making a lot of returns, then you’re making them play. At most levels of club tennis, that will keep you in 90% of matches.
If you return on the deuce side in doubles, you might actually have a tougher job than returning from the backhand side. Hopefully, if you’re right-handed, your forehand is stronger so you’ll be able to create some pace on your returns.
Let’s take a look at why returning from this side can be harder. This is assuming you’re playing 2 right-handed players.
There are some obvious advantages you have on the deuce side though.
So how can we take advantage of returning on the deuce side?
First, I’ll tell you what not to do…
It will be tempting to go up the line at the person’s backhand volley a lot. I only recommend it if the opponent has a very weak 2nd serve, to your forehand.
If you do hit down the line, you don’t need to hit a winner. Since you’re hitting to the opponent’s backhand volley, you can play a slightly higher percentage topspin return. Typically, the best the opponent will do is pop the ball up and set you up for an easy next shot.
The reason we don’t want to go up the line a ton is that it’s a low percentage shot. If the 2nd serve is weak, why not go with a high percentage shot crosscourt that you can use to get the server on their heels and let the net player finish the point?
Returning from the ad court is an easier task than the deuce court. This is assuming you’re playing 2 right handed players.
The disadvantages are:
Here are some of the best strategies for returning on the ad side.
Again, going down the line is a low percentage shot, and it’s to the net player’s forehand volley.
Typically the net player won’t poach from this side, so a solid crosscourt backhand deep in the court will put you in a great position to come into the net, or have your net player move on the next ball.
If the other team serves and volleys, or the net player is poaching a lot, we want to try to keep the return low, and at the middle net strap. This will make for a tough backhand volley for the poacher, and take away their angles.
If the server comes in it will make for a difficult half-volley at their feet that they won’t be able to do much with other than get it back.
Again, if the net player is poaching a lot, you’ll be tempted to go down the line. Don’t take the bait! A good low return will still be a tough backhand volley for them and you’ll find that you win a lot of points that way.
The key to breaking serve in tennis is to make a lot of returns.
You do NOT need to hit winners. A lot of times, you don’t even need to hit a good return, you just need to make them consistently.
Eventually, the opponent will make mistakes on their next shots and you will break.
Decide where you’re going before the serve. Changing your mind based on how the net player moves is exactly what they want, and it will cause you to miss a lot of returns.
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Will Boucek is the Founder & CEO of The Tennis Tribe. He has played tennis for over two decades, including in college. Will has worked with ATP & WTA tour players and coaches. He currently lives in Austin TX where he plays USTA leagues & tournaments, writes about tennis, and teaches doubles workshops.